The Catacombs of Dom El Shoqafa


This wonder of medieval world was discovered by accident. The Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa in the city of Alexandria, Egypt, were discovered when a donkey fell into a hole in the ground.

Archaeologists say that this burial ground has been in existence for over 1,900 years. The Catacombs of Alexandria are located are on the edge of the Libyan Desert. The Catacombs are carved out of solid rock. They are underground passageways and galleries that cover around 600 acres. When more space was needed, more galleries were built under the first.

In the 7th century, the Arabs badly damaged the Catacombs. It was destroyed in the 9th century by the Turks. The Temple for Serapis marked the entrance of the Ancient Catacombs. Today, the famous temple of Serapis only has one of its four hundred pillars remaining.

The Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa are one of the Seven Wonders of the Medieval. The necropolis consists of Alexandrian tombs of the Pharaonic funeral cult with Hellenistic and early Imperial Roman influences. A circular staircase leads down into tombs that were tunnelled into the bedrock during the age of the Antonine emperors (2nd century AD). The facility was in use from the 2nd century to the 4th century.

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