· Nobel laureates of Physics of the year 2020 announced
· Roger Penrose awarded for discovery related to the Black Hole
· Reinhard and Andrea awarded for the discovery of a supermassive compact object
· Half the amount awarded to Penrose and half of the rest to Andrea and Reinhard
Physics Nobel Prize 2020: In the year 2020, the winner of the prestigious Nobel Prize in the field of Physics has been announced. Rogan Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez received the award this year. Penrose will receive half of the amount, and the other half will go Reinhard and Andrea.
This time this prestigious award has been awarded to Roger Penrose for the discovery that the formation of a black hole is a strong predictor of the general theory of relativity. At the same time, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez have been given the award for the discovery of a supermassive compact object in the centre of our galaxy.
In this regard, a release from the Nobel Prize stated that Roger Penrose used simple mathematical methods in his proof that black holes are a direct result of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity. However, Einstein himself did not believe that black holes actually exist.
In January 1965, Penrose proved that black holes could actually form and described in detail that they possessed singularities in which all known laws of nature were abolished. His article is considered the most important contribution to the general theory of relativity after Einstein.
Reinhard and Andrea: Supermassive Compact Object Discovery
Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez developed methods to look across giant clouds of interstellar gas and dust in the centre of our Milky Way using the world’s largest telescopes. Their work has given us the most convincing evidence yet of a supermassive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way.
David Havilland, chairman of the committee for the Nobel for Physics, said the discoveries of this year’s winners had touched new heights in the study of super simulative and compact objects. But there are still many questions, such as their internal structure and how we test the theory of gravity around black holes.