In 377BC, the city of Halicarnassus was the capital of a small kingdom along the Mediterranean coast of Asia Minor. It was that year that Hecatomnus of Mylasa, died and left control of his kingdom to his son, Mausolus, with his queen Artimisia, ruled over Halicarnassus and the surrounding territory for 24 years.
Then in 353BC, Mausolus died, leaving Artimisia broken-hearted. As a tribute to him, she decided to build him a splendid tomb. Artimisia decided that no money would be spared on this wondrous tomb. She sent messengers to Greece to find the most talented artist of their time. The man who supervised the building was Scopas.
The building was so beautiful and unique it became one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the world! Artimisia lived only two years longer than Mausolus. Both were buried in the finished temple. The tomb overlooked the city for many centuries, and was untouched until 1404BC.
It was ruined from a series of earthquakes. All that could be recognised from the Mausoleum was the large stone base. Today the remains of the great tomb can be found in the Mausoleum Room at the British Museum.
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