Even if you might not have been to Rome, you must have heard about it. Rome is the capital of Italy. But there is one more country whose capital is Rome. The name of this country is Vatican City. It is the smallest country in the world. Vatican City is the centre of the Roman Catholic Church, the main denomination of Christianity, and it is also the house of the pope – the highest religious head.
Vatican City lies inside the city of Rome. Hence, Rome is the capital of two countries. Rome is also the City of Seven Hills, the Eternal City and “Caput Mundi”, meaning the Capital of the World. The city became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy in the year 1871. Since 1946, it is the capital of the Republic of Italy.
Its first king established Rome, Romulus in ancient times, Rome got its name from him. Romulus also had a twin brother, Remus. Legend says a female wolf nurtured them.
Romans were the first to use concrete to build buildings some 2100 years ago. Not only this, the world’s first shopping mall called ‘Trajan’s Market’ was built here around 107-110 AD.
There are more than 900 churches in Rome, giving it the name of “the city of churches”. Apart from this, there are more than 200 fountains. The historic Trevi Fountain is one of the most preferred destinations for tourists every year.
Most people must have heard about the ‘Colosseum’ of Rome. It is called ‘Flavian Amphitheater’ in English. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and has been given the status of World Heritage by UNESCO. Romans used the colosseum as a fort until the Middle Ages.