The name of the Iguazu Falls come from the Guarani Indian word meaning “great water”. This magnificent array of waterfalls, consisting of about 270 falls, or cataracts, is located din Southern Brazil in the state of Parana on the border between Argentina and Brazil.
They stretch for 2.5 miles, plunging 269 feet (82 m) into the Iguaçu River. Some of the individual falls are up to 82 meters (269 feet) in height , though the majority are about 64 meters (210 feet). The vegetation of the region is rich and varied, ranging from semideciduous to tropical.
Contrast are also abundant, with orchids growing next to pines, bamboos next to palm trees, and mosses next to lianas and colourful begonias. The falls are shared by the Iguazu National Park (Argentina) and Iguazu National Park (Brazil). These parks were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1984 and 1986, respectively.
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